Luka Beograd

CITY ON WATER

ARCHITECTURE

Excellent location represents a challenge and an inspiration for contemporary architecture accomplishments which will also improve the appearance and significance of the capital and create a dialogue with the existing city core. A wide range of architectural media, attractive forms, facades, spatial sensations and posts which stray away from recognizable models and established patterns should be integrated into city context, in a way that would contribute to the quality of public spaces, its recognition and identity.

The elements corresponding to these requirements can be generated on different levels: from skyscrapers which define the space from afar, to the fountains which embellish the squares, aestheticized street mobiliary, special graphic interventions on the pavement or signs on buildings.

Architecture of buildings and the manner in which their groundfloors interact with the surroundings are essential to the dynamics of public life. Inactive, closed facades deter public activities, whereas open, active facades stimulate it. Studies show that the amount of activities in front of attractive and active buildings is seven times greater than in front of inactive and closed ones.

Estimated affirmation of bioclimatic and energetically efficient architecture will additionally confirm Belgrade's aspiration to belong to the contemporary world on an international level. Green roofs, buildings with high gardens, the use of energetically efficient systems and materials, will make an example of sustainable development and construction in the region.

It is important to stress that the Master Plan, among other things, provides only general guidelines for the character and the type of buildings and public spaces, which will be built on the location. However, these directions do not define its concrete architectural design and appearance, whose articulation comes during the project's phases which will follow after the necessary research of the site, the analysis of climate conditions and a highly important hydraulic and air simulation.

Buildings of various heights and shapes are envisaged in order to create stimulative urban space with public squares and parks, half-closed, local yards and small gardens. The expression, interchange and interaction between the facades and buildings directly determines the beauty and dynamics of the space.

The heights of buildings intentionally vary between the districts within one neighbourhood, and even within one block. The aim is to create a diverse and flexible city structure and greater variety of the types of buildings and open spaces. The heights are defined in relation to adjacent open spaces. The open spaces ratio determines the typology, not the districts. There are four basic typologies and they are spread over eight different districts.

The port's transformation will be symbolically marked by a skyscraper with the estimated height of 259m, which will be a unique landmark of the location and a visual meeting place between the new urban centre with the rest of the city.

The tower will include the apartments, hotels, office and commercial space, restaurants, bars and a panoramic view of the city.

Industrial buildings, as part of cultural heritage, will be transformed into the centre of contemporary culture and will represent the place of stimulative urban life.

These are the only buildings which are architecurally envisaged by the Masterplan and defined by precise construction areas and climate control within the buildings.

Two additional skyscrapers in the vicinity of Pančevo bridge will be 175 and 150 metres in height. They are linked with the vast open space: the 250m-high skyscraper with the river, park and a port basin.

Smaller buildings include the new library at the entrance to the port and the passenger dock, while the educational, children and sport objects will be located close to the park.

This is a new type of city matrix which enables high level of density and coherence, while at the same time offering high percentage and variety of open spaces. The perspectives and viewpoints are constantly changing while the facilities are intertwined with the river, port basin or the park.

The city's urban matrix encompasses the new location, while typical blocks are altered and transformed into more open schemes. Wide boulevards will connect the old with the new. Streets and squares are commensurate with the scales and proportions of the old town, forming at the same time part of more contemporary spatial relations. Great density in the neighbourhoods strikes a balance with great open spaces of the parks and the river banks. Therefore new development will be accepted as an integral part of the city centre, while adding extra qualities and providing new experiences.